Male Infertility: What Causes Male Infertility? Can It Be Treated?

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When talking about infertility, most of us assume that we are talking about women. Although infertility is primarily seen as a woman’s complication, this can be far from reality. Fertility issues are as likely to arise from problems in men as they are in women.

One of the principal causes of male infertility are problems related to the testicles. Numerous additional factors may affect male infertility, including hormone imbalances, blockages in the male reproductive organs, health problems, surgeries, and genetic disorders.

Infertility Symptoms

  • Pain, swelling, allergy, or a lump in the testicle area
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Sexual dysfunctioning
  • Chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
  • Low sperm count


  • Varicocele – A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It is the most common cause of male infertility. It leads to reduced sperm quantity and quality.
  • Infection – Some infections can interfere with sperm production or cause scarring that blocks the passage of sperm. These include inflammation of the epididymis and some sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea or HIV.
  • Hormone imbalances – Infertility can result from testicle disorders or an abnormality affecting other hormonal systems, like the hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal, and thyroid glands. Low levels of testosterone and other hormonal problems have several underlying causes.
  • Certain medications – Certain medications like long-term anabolic steroid use, cancer medications, testosterone replacement therapy, arthritis, and other medications can weaken sperm production and lead to male infertility.
  • Surgeries – Certain surgeries including, vasectomy, scrotal or testicular surgeries, prostate, and extensive abdominal surgeries, prevent you from sperm ejaculation. These surgeries can either reverse these blockages or retrieve sperm directly from the epididymis and testicles.

Lifestyle causes

  • Alcohol consumption – This lowers the levels of testosterone, causes erectile dysfunction, and reduces sperm production. It also causes liver disorders, leading to fertility complications.
  • Weight – A gain in weight has a significant impact on sperm and causes hormonal changes. This affects the fertility potential. A sedentary lifestyle should be avoided, and you should involve in physical exercises. 
  • Diet – Poor diet habits are common among working professionals. Unhealthy choices of foods affect fertility in the long run. It might also lead to weight gain and hormonal imbalances.  
  • Irregular sleep schedule – Inadequate amounts of sleep directly affects health and decreases fertility potential. Sleep might be affected by long, stressful working hours or other lifestyle routines. Balancing daily lifestyle patterns is crucial.

Controlling Measures

Infertility is not curable or preventable. But, it can be controlled by integrating a few measures in day-to-day life.

  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Maintain a well-balanced diet.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Sustain a healthy work-life balance and reduce stress.
  • Abstain yourself from a nocturnal lifestyle.

Take good care of yourself. Getting adequate sleep, exercise, and consuming nutrient-rich food is essential for good mental health. Inability to conceive a child can be difficult, stressful, and upsetting, but we have your back. We have Online Ayurvedic doctors to guide you throughout the course. For gaining more insights on infertility, Total Ayurveda Care is happy to help! Visit our website and book an appointment now.

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